S-Corp vs. C-Corp
Differences between S-corp vs. C-corp structure, tax treatment, and ownership restrictions. A C-Corp is the preferred type of joint venture, subject to corporate tax, and has no restrictions on ownership — but, with S-corp, you have to file a formulation, taxes are passed and disclosed on individual owner tax, and the owner is limited to 100 shareholders.
If you decide to organize your business as a joint venture, you will be faced with an important decision — whether to start your own business as S-corp vs. C-corp. This option has a huge impact on the amount you pay in taxes, your ability to raise money, and the ease with which you can expand your business.
In this article, therefore, we will explain the difference between S-corp vs. a C-Corp, the pros and cons of each of these types of organizations, and how to choose the best for your business.
What Are the Differences Between S-Corp vs.? C-Corp?
As you can see in the summary above, the differences between S Corp or C Corp can be broken down into three main categories: composition, tax, and owner.
In general, taxes are considered the most significant and significant difference between the two types of companies. C-corpses are subject to corporate tax, while S-corps allows pass-through tax-deductible business profits and reported losses on individual tax return owners.
With that being said, let us note the differences between S-corps vs. C corps less — as this will have a huge impact on your business.
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The main difference between S-corporations and C-corporations is the formation.
The C-Corp is the preferred type of partnership. If you submit a partnership agreement with your country secretary to register your business as a partnership, your company will become familiar with C-Corp.
To set up your company as an S-corp, on the other hand, you must file IRS Form 2553 (shown below). After filling out the form, you will become S-Corp of corporate tax targets. You can submit other documents at the state level to be treated as S-corp state tax.
That being said, even if you choose to set up your own company as an S-corp or C-corp, you will still have to follow certain similar steps of company formation. You will be required to file affiliation documents, appoint a registered representative, and formulate company rules.
The last major difference between S-corp vs. C-corp status restrictions on company owners. C-corporations offer little flexibility if you are looking to expand your business or sell it to another company.
C-companies have no restrictions on owners. You can have an infinite number of distributors, as well as different classes of distributors.
Venture capital firms and investment angels choose to hold selected shares in a consortium, simply a C-corps option. This makes it even more difficult to earn money as an S-corp.
After all, if you plan to sell your business under the line or scrap another part, C-Corp might be a better option. The S-corp cannot be a C-corp, other S-corps, LLCs, general partners, or multiple trustees. C-companies, on the other hand, may belong to other companies, LLCs, or trusts.
S-corporations can have up to 100 shareholders. S-corp shareholders must be U.S. citizens or permanent residents, while C-corps are open to foreign investors. S-corporations are limited to one class of shares, meaning there is only one type of share. There is no jurisdiction or distinction between business partners, which makes fundraising difficult.
S-Corp vs. C-Corp Tax Model
With these tax differences in mind, let’s look at another example to better understand what business taxes look like to S-corps vs. C-corps. Suppose your business, C-Corp, has a $ 100,000 (deductible) deduction from your business income).
A C-Corp would have to first pay the 21% corporate tax rate, bringing the tax liability to $ 21,000. That leaves $ 79,000 left. If you take all that money as a share, it will be less than the tax rate, usually 15%. Your tax return will be $ 11,850, bringing the total tax to $ 32,850.
On the contrary, imagine that you have an S-corp with a fixed fee of $ 100. All proceeds flow into your personal income tax return. For the 2019 tax year, that puts you in the 24% tax bracket, and the tax bill would be $ 18,289.50. In this example, S-corp saves you a lot of money in taxes, but this is not always the case.
There are other types of tax deductions, such as donations and benefits, which are fully deducted only from the C-corporation.
What Are The Similarities Between S-Corp vs. C-Corp?
Although S-corps and C-corps are different in these three ways, they are also similar in a number of ways. Like corporate types, S-corps and c-corps differ from other types of organizations — such as private proprietorship, general partnerships, or LLC.
Limited credit protection: As companies, all S-corps and C-corps organizations are legally separated from owners — meaning that their shareholders have protection against them. Simply put, this means that the shareholders are not the ones responsible for the business debts or obligations. This is a large retail space for a company.
Involvement: As mentioned above, if you are planning your company as an S-corp or C-corp, you will need to follow the necessary steps for the formation of the company. You will be required to fill out the appropriate affiliate program, file membership documents, appoint a registered representative, and create company rules.
Status: Whether the S-corporation shareholders or the C-corporation are business owners, they do not make much of a choice. Procedures and policies are left to the board of directors selected by the company’s shareholders. And the usual, day-to-day running of the business lies with the executives of the organization – such as the CEO, COO, and CTO.