Auckland has a history as the former capital of New Zealand and is home to over 30% of New Zealand’s population. It is a global city with 40% of the local population being of overseas origin. It is also home to the world’s largest Polynesian resident population.
In 2010, the population of Auckland was approximately 450,000. In 2010 there was a reform of New Zealand’s local government system, with seven municipalities merging to form the Greater Auckland Region.
In addition to the central business district, commercial areas are scattered along the North Shore in the north and Manukau in the south. Auckland International Airport and the Port of Auckland, one of the largest commercial ports in the Oceania region, are located in the city, making it the largest trading center in New Zealand.
The city is nicknamed the “City of Sails” for its maritime traffic due to its oceanfront location. The number of registered yachts, boats, and other small vessels is about 140,000, the largest in the world in terms of population. One out of every three households in Auckland owns a small boat.
As New Zealand is located quite near the date line, it is one of the countries where the sun rises first and it makes Auckland one of the first populated cities of the world that sees the sun.
The Maori name for Auckland is Tāmaki Makaurau, but there is also a Maoriized name, Ākarana, which is the Maoriized reading of Auckland, and is used for yacht names and local organizations.
History of the city:
Around 1350, the fertile isthmus in this area was inhabited by the Maori, an indigenous people. The Maori built fortified villages mainly near the tops of volcanoes. It is estimated that the Maori population at that time was about 20,000. Eventually, firearms began to be used in battle on the North Island of New Zealand, upsetting the tribal balance and forcing those tribes unable to possess these new weapons to flee from the coast to the mountains. By the time European settlement began in the 19th century, only a relatively small number of indigenous people remained in what is today Auckland.
The first person to set foot on Auckland soil in 1820 was Samuel Marsden, the English missionary who was the first Christian missionary to New Zealand, because in 1769 the English explorer James Cook passed through Waitemata Bay on the ship Endeavour, but did not land in the Auckland area. In 1832, Joseph Brooks Weller of the Otago region purchased the land around Auckland, and European settlement began in September 1839, and the following year, on February 6, 1840, the Maori people and the British government signed the “Treaty of Waitangi,” officially establishing New Zealand became a British colony. At this time, William Hobson of the British Navy became the first Governor of New Zealand. The land on which the town of Auckland was built was donated by the Maori to Governor-General Hobson as a token of friendship. Hobson found that large ships could anchor on the southern shore of Waitemata Bay, which he designated the capital of New Zealand in 1841 and named Auckland. The name was derived from George Eden, the first Earl of Auckland, a politician who was Governor-General of India at the time. 1842 saw the transfer of government offices from Russell, but even then many thought that Port Nicholson (now Wellington) was a better geographical choice for the capital.
In 1865, the capital was moved to Wellington. After the end of World War II in 1945, many Pacific Islanders moved to the city, and in 1996, the population of Auckland exceeded one million.
In March 2020, Auckland, along with other cities, was placed on lockdown by the government after a new coronavirus case was confirmed in the country. In May of the same year, the lockdown was lifted on the grounds that the outbreak was under control, but in August of the same year, the number of infected people increased again. Oakland was again placed under lockdown for three weeks.